CBD has infiltrated the retail scene with an urgency unlike any other product in recent history, yet it is still misunderstood by many, including those who make the laws. It is common and understandable to have questions about something so new, and this guide serves as the ultimate source of information to answer all of those perplexing questions. If you’re worried about getting on the wrong side of the law, concerned about an overdose or side effects, or afraid that it will get you stoned, let us set your mind at ease.
What is CBD? Simply put, CBD is cannabidiol, a non-psychoactive component of both cannabis and hemp. It is one of about 120 cannabidols, but probably the one with the greatest benefit and the one that is most readily isolated from the plant – and therefore easier and cheaper to bring to market. CBD should not be confused with THC, which is the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis. Here you can find facts about CBD flowers.
Is CBD legal? Yes! Since the passage of the Farm Bill in 2018, hemp is legal to grow, and products derived from hemp are legal to sell. CBD, by law, must contain less than 0.3 percent of THC for it to be legal. It is important to note though, that even though it is legal, the FDA still has not issued any firm guidance on recommending it for specific uses.
Is CBD safe? Yes. The World Health Organization issued ad report that says CBD is generally safe and well-tolerated. Any potential side effects are minor.
How much should I take? The FDA has not yet issued any guidance as to therapeutic levels, but the National Institute of Health says that CBD supplements have been used safely in daily doses of up to 1,500 mg. The best approach is to start with a lower dose and gauge the effect before taking more. Also, there are a lot of benefits of CBD
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Will it get me high? No. Some CBD does contain trace amounts of THC, but not enough for any psychoactive effect. For those who might be hyper-sensitive to THC though, CBD products are available which contain no THC at all.
Are there side effects to using CBD? Potential side effects are very minor, despite some fear-mongering, and the World Health Organization says that CBD is “generally well tolerated with a good safety profile.” Like almost any over-the-counter treatment, a small percentage of people may see some side effects such as dry mouth, diarrhea or fatigue.
Are there drug interactions? Some drug interactions may also be present for those who are taking blood thinners such as coumadin, and CBD may slow how some medications are assimilated. Other medications such as the heartburn drug omeprazole, or the antidepressant Elavil may cause a similar interaction.
What is it good for? CBD is not a miracle cure for everything, and the FDA has not yet given any guidance about its use for specific therapeutic applications. That said, other research, as well as abundant anecdotal evidence, points to its use as an effective treatment for anxiety and pain relief, as an insomnia treatment, and for epilepsy and forms of neuralgia. There has been some evidence too that CBD is useful as a treatment for acne because it has an anti-inflammatory property that impacts the sebaceous glands.
Will I still be able to pass a drug test? Probably. If you are concerned about passing a drug test, it may be best to use a CBD product which contains zero percent THC. In some cases, older conventional drug testing may trigger a false positive, mistaking the presence of CBD for THC. One potential problem is that the CBD market is so new, and still not fully vetted by the FDA, and some of the less reputable products may have inconsistent THC levels.
Can I travel with my CBD in my luggage? Yes, so long as you are not traveling to a foreign country where it is not yet legal. The TSA however, specifically states in its policy that CBD is allowed so long as it contains less than 0.3 percent THC. Drug dogs at the airport are trained to detect the specific scent of cannabis, so a vial of CBD should not be a concern. However, there have been instances of untrained TSA agents not knowing the difference between CBD and THC, and illegally holding people as a result.
What does the FDA say about CBD? Not much. The FDA, the government agency which ensures that what we eat, drink and smoke complies with guidelines, does things like regulate how many mouse whiskers are allowed in a hot dog. The agency is expected to release regulatory guidelines in the foreseeable future, and these guidelines will provide a regulatory framework that will help ensure users of CBD that the products they purchase and use are safe, properly labeled and contain exactly what they say it contains.
Can I buy CBD online? Yes. Look for recognized online retailers like Nug Republic, which offer a variety of CBD products and accessories. There is a growing market for online retailers of CBD. Be sure to check reviews, and find an online retailer with a solid reputation.
What is the difference between CBD isolates and full spectrum CBD? Isolates are simply CBD products which have isolated CBD exclusively from the hemp or cannabis plant. These contain no THC at all and do not have any of the other cannabinoids. A full spectrum CBD product still contains trace amounts of all of the other cannabinoids and terpines contained in the plant. Full spectrum products may have what is known as the “entourage effect,” which may deliver a more powerful treatment that lasts longer than an isolate.
How does hemp differ from marijuana? CBD is derived from the hemp plant, which is a non-psychoactive cousin of marijuana. Both are strains of the cannabis sativa plant, but while marijuana contains a higher percentage of THC, hemp contains significantly less THC but more CBD. Hemp was commonly grown during the second world war for use in making rope.