The Supreme Court of the country ruled that the controversial Ayutthaya holy land in northern India should be handed over to Indians who wished to build a temple there.
The case after decades of heated debate, the court said,
Muslims will get another piece of land to build a mosque.
Many Hindus believe that the site was jointly decided by Uttar people and Hindus and Muslims. It is the birthplace of Lord Ram, one of their most respected gods.
Muslims say they have been there for generations.
The complex history of the Holy Land of Ayodhya, India
At the center of the line was the 16th place in 1992, when the Hindu mob dismantled the century-century mosque, triggered The riots killed nearly 2,000 people.
What does the court say?
The court said in a unanimous ruling that the evidence provided by the Indian Archaeological Bureau (ASI) indicates that there is a wreck of a "non-Islamic" building beneath the structure of the dismantled Babiri mosque.
The court stated that, given all the evidence provided, it was decided to assign the disputed land to Hindus to establish the temple of Lord Ram, while the Muslims distributed the land to other places to build the mosque.
Then, it instructed the federal government to set up a trust fund to manage and supervise the construction of the temple.
However, the court added that the removal of the Babli Mosque is a violation of the rule of law.
What is the reaction to the judgment?
Despite warnings from the authorities, BBC reporters said in court that in order to celebrate the verdict, they did not hear "Hai Lord Ram" outside when the verdict was announced. carol.
"This is a very balanced judgment, this is a victory for him. The Indian people," a Hindu lawyer told reporters shortly.
However, the representative of the Muslim litigation stated that they were dissatisfied and would decide whether to accept the review. Read the entire judgment.
Outside the court, the situation is basically calm.
On Friday, hundreds of people were detained in Ayodhya due to fear of violence before the verdict.
The city also deployed thousands of police officers, and shops and universities were closed until Monday.
Monitoring provocative content in social media platforms, the police even responded to tweets and asked users to delete them.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi responded to the ruling on Twitter and said
should not be seen as "victory or failure" of anyone.
Skip the Twitter post @narendramodi
The distinguished Supreme Court has ruled on the issue of Ayodhya. This ruling should not be seen as a victory or defeat of anyone.
Whether it is Ram Bhakti or Rahim Bhakti, we must strengthen the spirit of Rashtra Bhakti.
Peace and harmony are the mainstream!
– Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) November 9, 2019
@narendramodi's Twitter post ending
It can be said that the most controversial property dispute in the world is finally over.
The dispute over conspiracy made India polarized, depressed and exhausted.
The reason is that this is not a monotonous civil case. Belief (Hindu believes that the land is the birthplace of the distinguished Lord Ram), violence (demolition of the mosque in 1992) and tricks (in 1949, the secret of Lord Ram's idol was secretly placed in the mosque) touched it.
The unanimous verdict of the five Supreme Court judges on Saturday is expected to lead to much-needed reconciliation in the country.
The verdict states: "The judicial crafts and politicians who abide by the law, but take into account the actual situation on the ground, but made relief," lawyer Sanjay Head told me. The judge seems to have accepted the evidence he has. Mr. Hegde added: "They have been plastered. Let us not reopen the wound."
Will the judgment lead to the closure of past hostile sentiments and help to eliminate India's growing religious differences? ? Only time proves everything.
At present, India's main community needs to avoid triumphism – because ultimately there is no winner and defeat in the competition for faith.
What is actually a dispute
Many Hindus believe that the Babri Mosque was actually built on the ruins of a Hindu temple that was demolished by Muslim invaders in the 16th century.
Muslims said that they prayed to the mosque until December 1949, when some Hindus put Ram's idol in the mosque and began to worship these idols.
These two religious groups have gone to court several times for who should control the site.
Hinduism is India's main religion and is considered to have a history of more than 4,000 years, so some people called for the construction of a temple in a place where the mosque once stood.
India's first Islamic dynasty was established in the early 13th century.
Has the religious tension in India eased in recent years?
Since the Hindu nationalist BJP led by Narendra Modi has been in power since 2014, India's social and religious differences have deepened.
The call for the construction of Hindu temples in Ayodhya is particularly high. Since taking office, most of them have come from members of Congress, the People's Party and the Minister.
The restrictions on the sale and slaughter of cows (which the majority of Hindus consider to be a sacred beast) have led to the killing of many people, most of them Muslims, who are carrying cattle.
Recently, Indian Interior Minister Amit Shah said that he would remove the country from "illegal immigration" (allegedly Muslim) through the recent Northeast Government plans used in Assam.