Nine members of the Mormon community in northern Mexico were killed in an ambush when they traveled from their home in La Mora Ranch to a nearby settlement. But the victim, how do all American Mexican citizens become a fire line?
There is no child death in the dirt road through the Sierra Madre Mountains. Remote, kan and cold, it is controlled by people armed with Mexican illegal drug deals and armed by American guns.
The road is as hostile as Mexico.
The grief of the LeBarón family was made worse by the frustrating details of how the baby died on the stone path, trapped in a burning bullet car.
The eight-month-old twins Titus and Tiana died with their two brothers and sisters 12-year-old Howard Jr and 10-year-old Krystal and their mother, 30-year-old Rhonita Miller.
Their grandfather used his mobile phone to "record" and photographed the aftermath of the cartel ambush, hoarse. The disturbing lens shows that the vehicle is black and still smoking, and the burnt people are still clearly visible inside the car.
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On the way, two hours later, two cars were also attacked, filled with mothers and young children. A total of 9 people were killed.
Most people are less than a teenager and still have some toddlers.
[Dawna Ray Langford] and her 11-year-old son Trevor and 2-year-old Rogan were killed in a car, while 31-year-old Christina Langford Johnson was killed in another car. Her seven-month-old baby, Faith Langford, survived. She was found on the floor of the vehicle in the baby seat.
Perhaps the only comfort of this closely-connected Mormon community is because they know that the dead child is with the mother – a family that is united with them is out of date and the violence ends.
However, the story of how the Lebaron clan lived in such a dangerous corner of northern Mexico was not born of unity, but divided, dating back decades.
Mormons began around 1890, and the fundamentalists split with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) and began to move to Mexico. Initially, they parted on the polygamy issue, and the separate Mormon groups continued to do so, while the mainstream church in Utah prohibited compliance with US law.
Polygamy is also illegal in Mexico – but it is understood that the authorities will "open up another path," explains Dr. Christine Rossetti, a Mormonist fundamentalist scholar in Salt Lake City.
"The family going there is not a "family family" or a bad Moorish man," she said. "These people are the leaders of the church; they are not the outer people. The great men are there."
LeBarón Group's patriarch Alma "Dayer" LeBarón founded Colonia LeBarón in Chihuahua in the 1920s.
Over time, the number and wealth of Mormon communities south of the border are growing.
They purchased land in Sonora and Chihuahua and established pastures and other colonies. They grew up as pecan farmers, planted wheat, planted apples and pomegranate orchards, and produced honey that could be sold at farmers' markets. Although many returned to the southern United States after the Mexican Revolution, by the 1950s, the Mormon community had a population of hundreds or thousands.
After the death of Alma Lebaron, the branch was led by his son Joel. Essentially, it is Le Baron Church, an independent fundamentalist Mormonist with several branches today.
It is at this stage that LeBarón's surname is notorious. Joel's brother Ervil LeBarón was the second-in-command until they fell in the direction of the church. Earlville was a lifeless and dangerous cult leader with 13 wives and dozens of children, then split and created an independent sect. In 1972, he ordered the killing of his brother, who was believed to have killed dozens of people under his command, including one of his wife and two children. He died in prison in 1981.
But the victims of the Sonora massacre have nothing to do with the church in Evel. Dr. Rossetti explained that there is an important difference between surnames and religious beliefs.
"Independent Mormons have married Leblon and vice versa," she clarified on Twitter. “There are three different churches belonging to 'LeBarónism'.”
Most Mormons living in Mexico are members of the Latter-day Saints Church (LDS), while Lamoura The church is mostly independent, Dr. Rossetti said.
In recent years, they have lived a broad and peaceful life with the intervention of the US or Mexican government. In the United States, but not exclusively in the United States; in Mexico, but not exclusively Mexicans, extremist Mormons have begun to soften slightly on the edge.
Their obedience to polygamy has been phased out, although some are still in practice. Most people have dual citizenship and are free to travel to and from the United States frequently.
"When you say Mormons, this is a very general term covering many families," said Dr. Christina Rossetti. “The fundamentalists are a big umbrella, and the LeBarón family is also.”
However, violence seems to be associated with the LeBarón name again.
When you live in a cartel-controlled area in Mexico, it is not easy to stay free from the drug war. Since the end of 2005, drug-related violence has begun to deteriorate, and the intensity and ferocity of this violence has intensified during the military deployment ordered by former President Felipe Calderón.
His successor, Enrique Peña Nieto, oversaw the most bloody term in modern memory, because the cartel first expanded, then split and grew new tentacles.
In 2009, Mormons in the northern states of Mexico were warned in the most obvious language that they lived on "illegal land." One of them, Benjamin LeBarón, is the founder of the organization, Alma, who talked about organized crime. He criticized the extortion and intimidation of local farmers and established an organization called SOS Chihuahua, urging towns to condemn such abuses to the authorities.
In July of that year, Benjamin was dragged away from home by a gunman. His brother-in-law, Luis Widmar, tried to intervene. The next day, their bodies appeared in the outskirts of the town, brutally beaten and showed signs of torture.
The information of the drug cartel to LeBarón's family is clear: don't interfere with us; don't interfere with us. Do not interfere with our commercial interests or the smooth operation of the northern drug channel. Don't talk to the police or draw attention to what is happening in these states. Violation of such warnings will kill you.
"This is their livelihood"
These armed men have killed Benjamin Lebaron more than 10 years ago. During this decade, his relatives seem to have established a kind of restless peace with a local organization, Cartel, known as Los Salazar, who is the prisoner of prison, Sarguello. A faction of Cartel, El Salvador Kapoor El Chap Guzman.
"This is not to say that they can uproot the entire community," said Evel's daughter Anna LeBarón, who wrote a book about life in her father's sect, called "One husband." The daughter of a polygamist.
Anna said she had seen these calls to allow Mormons to return to the United States, but pointed out that "things are not so simple." The Mormon community is ahead of the drug-trafficking group in Sonora, and even if they are now coexisting with some very violent people, they cannot be expected to leave. She said that they are "very integrated" locally.
"These events give people reason to consider their choices. But this is the entire community. This is their livelihood."
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In fact, after the Holocaust, some Mormons described drug trafficking gangs as part of daily life in Sonora. They nod when they pass by the cartel gunners, probably know their names, stop at the checkpoint and show them that they are just transporting the produce with a pickup truck.
Almost from the time the news of the attack spread, the Mexican government claimed that the murder was a wrong case. Authorities say an armed group called La Linea is allegedly ambushed and confused the women’s and children’s off-road vehicles with the Los Salazar team, Sonora’s Competitor.
LaLínea means "hotline", originally composed of former municipal police in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico security analyst Carlos Rodriguez Ulloa said.
"They set a line, and that is what he said: "They enforced orders against Juarez Cartel. In the end, Juarez Cartel limited his business to drug routes or “squares” in cities named after him. He said his executor, La Linea, filled They stayed in the blank of the state.
"As a well-positioned actor, Juárez Cartel took on the role and responsibility of the control of the route and the "square". This has developed to some extent, it consumes most of the Juarez Cartel area and is now the main trafficker in Chihuahua.
Murder women and children's murder is only one of the broader stories of LaLínea and Los Salazar. Accidents? Of course, some representatives of the LeBarón family do not think so. They think that their loved ones are deliberately targeted:
"The question of whether there is chaos and crossfire is completely wrong," in the Mormon Moroccan settlement. Julian Lebaron said that his relatives were not long before the funeral. "These shameless criminals fired on the premeditated and unimaginable brutal women and children. I don't know what kind of animals these people are.
This is still a vague picture. Mr. LeBarón said that one of her mothers, Christina Langford, left her car with her hands and begged the gunman to stop, but no matter what. They all murdered her. There may be evidence that LaLínea is targeting Mormons because of his relationship with his opponent, Los Salazar, or because he dared to speak out loud.
Recently, the family once again expressed its opposition to cartels, especially when it called for action against illegal US trafficking in offensive weapons and high-speed weapons. Whether their activism is enough to arouse this cold-blooded massacre of children is hard to say.
At the same time, the Mexican government argued that the gunmen allowed some children to escape – they said that this is evidence that the cartel is aware of the mistake. The Mexican government undoubtedly hopes so.
As the victim is a US citizen, the murder is international, which increases the pressure on President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador. So far, he has been working hard to avoid being involved in the escalating war with drug cartels. "In the hug, not in the gun," he is famous in the campaign. There is no doubt that there is a glorious feeling, but many in Mexico and even in Washington feel that this is naive, and that his non-violent approach is more effective than his predecessor's military-led strategy.
Finally, perhaps not the problem, that is, the attack on the Mormon community is wrong or deliberate. Just as Benjamin LeBarón was murdered ten years ago, the ideal effect of the perpetrators was to spread fear and intimidate people in the area.
As the small hand-cut coffin was placed on the rocky ground, the killer apparently achieved this goal.
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