Research: Oldest weapons ever discovered in North America pre-date Clovis

Research: Oldest weapons ever discovered in North America pre-date Clovis

"The discovery is significant because nearly all pre-Clovis sites have stone tools, but spear points have yet to be found". Researchers, though, did not use the radiocarbon dating method to determine the age of the artifacts because "there were no carbon samples that would yield reliable and accurate ages" in the soil where they made the unbelievable discovery. "These points were found under a layer with Clovis and Folsom projectile points", noted Waters (shown above right) on Wednesday in a statement, as Fox News and other outlets also reported. The Buttermilk Creek Complex featured bladed projectile points that exhibited similarities to artifact assemblages of the Clovis, with lanceolate features. Among the leavings are Clovis spear points used to hunt mammoths and other megafauna about 13,000 years ago. Archaeologists found a total of 238 items, including 12 complete and fragmented projectile points.

"Over the past decade, genetic studies of modern Native Americans and prehistoric skeletons have shown that the initial movement of people south of the continental ice sheets occurred as early as ~15 to ~16 ka ago and that there is genetic continuity between the first immigrants to enter the Americas and modern Native Americans", authors of the research explained. "Oldest weapons ever discovered in North America pre-date Clovis". "The discovery is significant because nearly all pre-Clovis sites have stone tools, but spear points have yet to be found".

"Undoubtedly, the spear was used for hunting". Giant, long-horned bison provided a secondary food source.

Additional coauthors are from Texas A&M, Baylor University, and the University of Texas.

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Conventional science says that the earliest settlers reached the Americas via Siberia, crossing the now-defunct Bering land bridge on foot and trekking through Canada some 13,000 years ago.

The connections between the artifact assemblages of Clovis and Western Stemmed Traditions, however, remain unknown. The new study certainly complicates things, suggesting that the technology found at Friedkin was a precursor.

More excavations and alternative dating methods of Friedkin artifacts might shed more light on the matter.

"The findings expand our understanding of the earliest people to explore and settle North America", he added. But that idea started to collapse in 1997, when archaeologists confirmed that Monte Verde, a site in Chile, was at least 14,500 years old-meaning humans lived there before the ice-free corridor likely became a viable route. The corresponding discovery was made by a group of scientists working under the direction of Professor Michael waters. Pre-Clovis projectile points at the Debra L. Friedkin site, Texas-Implications for the Late Pleistocene peopling of the Americas, Science Advances (2018).

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